2015中考英语总复*:七年级上册Starter Unit1—Unit4精选教学PPT

发布于:2021-06-13 06:31:38

第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

┃基础精梳理 ┃

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中考考点助记

1.对应词:
first→__l__a_s_t__, this→___t_h_a_t__, lost→_f_o_u_n_d___, these→__t_h__o_s_e_, here→__t_h_e__r_e_, my→___y_o_u__r_, mine→__y_o_u__r_s_, on→__u_n_d_e_r__, come→____g__o__
词语 2.名词变复数:
联想 photo→_p_h_o_t__o_s_, watch→w_a_t__c_h_e_s_, radio→r_a__d_i_o_s__, library→_l_i_b_r_a__r_i_e_s_____,
dictionary→___d_i__c_t_i_o_n__a_r_i_e_s____, key→_k_e_y_s____, family→__f_a_m__i_l_ies

第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

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中考考点助记

3.动词变名词:
play→_p_l_a__y_e_r_
4. 动词转化:
lose→__l_o_s__t__(过去式), find→_f_o__u_n_d__(过去式)
词语 5.代词:
联想 (1)主格:I→__w_e_____(复数), you→___y__o_u__(复数), he/she/it→___t_h_e_y__(复数) (2)宾格:me→__u__s____(复数), you→___y_o_u___(复数), him/her/it→___t_h_e_m__(复数)

第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

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中考考点助记

(3)形容词性物主代词:my→___o_u_r___(复数), your→__y_o__u_r__(复数),
his/her/its→_t_h_e_i_r___(复数) 词语 (4)名词性物主代词:mine→__o_u_r__s__(复数), yours→_y_o__u_r_s__(复数), 联想 his/hers/its→_t_h_e__i_r_s_(复数)
(5)指示代词:this→_t__h_e_s_e__(复数), that→_t__h_o_s_e__(复数)

第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

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中考考点助记

1.____i_n___ English 用英语 2.__f_i__r_s_t_ name名字 3.__l_a_s_t_/__f_a_m_i_l__y_______ name 姓 短语 4.__m_i_d_d_l__e___ school 中学;初中 精选 5.telephone/phone _n_u_m_b_e__r_ 电话号码 6.a photo __o_f_____ my family一张我家的照片
7.___i_n____ the first photo在第一张照片中 8.___i_n____ the bookcase 在书橱里

第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

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中考考点助记

9.___a_s_k___ for请求,恳求 10.come ___o_n____ 加油,快点儿 11.___o_n____ the sofa 在沙发上 短语 12.a ___s_e__t__ of一套;一副;一组
精选 13.call sb. ___a_t____ +号码

拨打电话给某人……
14.__m_o_d_e__l_ plane 飞机模型 15._h_a_v__e___ a good day过得愉快

第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

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中考考点助记

1.这个用英语怎么说?
What's this __i_n_____ __E__n_g_l_i_s__h_____?
重点 =What's the English for this? 2.拨打电话685-6034找我。
句型 __C_a__l_l__ me ___a_t____ 685-6034.
3.这本词典怎么样?
___W_h_a_t_/__H_o_w______ _a_b_o_u__t__ this dictionary?

第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

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中考考点助记

4.多谢你的帮助,安娜。
___T_h_a_n__k___y_o_u___ ___y_o__u__ your help, Anna.
重点 5.给我发电子邮件到marygz@gfimail.com。
句型 ___E_-__m_a__i_l____ me _a__t_____ marygz@gfimail.com.
6.去老师那里拿。
__A__s_k___ the teacher ___f_o_r___ it.

语法 1.名词单复数的构成及规律。[详见P81,语法专题1] 结构 2. be动词的用法。[详见P106,语法专题8]
3. 人称代词和物主代词的区别及用法特点。[详见P87,语法专题2]

第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

┃考点巧突破┃ 巧辩异同 考点1 good/fine/nice/well

good fine nice
well

“好”的质量,“好”的品质 质量的精细,身体健康,天气晴朗 美好的,美味的,漂亮的,友好和蔼的 形容词,表示“身体健康”,相当于fine;
副词,表示“好”,修饰动词

第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

考点2 this/that/these/those
四者均是指示代词,具体用法如下: (1)these 是 this 的复数形式。二者指离说话人较*的人 或事物。 This is my father and these are my grandparents. 这是我的父亲,这是我的祖父母。 (2)those 是 that 的复数形式。二者指离说话人较远的人 或事物。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

Is that your backpack? 那是你的背包吗? Those books are in the drawer. 那些书在抽屉里。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

[特别提示] (1)在打电话时,称自己用this,而称对方用that。Hello, this is Lucy speaking. Who is that? 你好,我是露西。你是哪位?
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

(2)在比较级中,为了避免重复,可用that或those代替前 面提到过的事物,that代替单数可数名词和不可数名词,those 代替复数名词。
The weather here is much hotter than that of our hometown. 这儿的天气比我们的家乡热得多。
The sheep in Australia are more than those in Japan. 澳大利亚的绵羊比日本的绵羊多。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

考点3 say/speak/talk/tell (1)say强调说话的内容或表示“(某处)写有……”。 I can say it in English. 我能用英语把它说出来。 The sign says, “No smoking.” 牌子上写着“禁止吸烟”。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

(2)speak 作不及物动词时,强调说话的动作;作及物动词 时,后面接表示语言的名词。
The baby can't speak. 这个婴儿不会说话。 speak English说英语 (3)talk 强 调 两 个 人 之 间 的 谈 话 , 常 用 短 语 : talk with/to sb. 和某人交谈, talk about sth. 谈论某事。 She is talking with Lucy in English. 她正在用英语和露西交谈。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

(4)tell意为“告诉,讲述”,后面常接双宾语。 [搭配] tell sb. a story给某人讲故事 tell sb. sth. 告诉某人某事 tell a lie 撒谎 tell the truth 说实话 tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事 Did you tell her the news?
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

你把这则消息告诉她了吗? I am sure that he is telling a lie. 我确信他在撒谎。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

句型点击 考点1 Call me at 685-6034. 拨打电话685-6034找我。
[点拨] (1)“call sb. at+电话号码”表示“拨……号 码找某人”。
Please call the police at 110 if you are in trouble.
如果遇到了麻烦,请你拨打110报警。 (2)这是一个祈使句。祈使句变否定句时在句首加Don't。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

考点2 What about this dictionary? 这本词典怎么样?
[点拨] “What/How about…?”意为“……怎么样?” 其后接名词、代词或v.-ing形式。常用在以下场合:
(1)向对方提出建议或请求。 What about going out for a walk? 出去散散步好吗?
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

(2)征询对方的看法或意见。 What about her playing the violin? (你认为)她的小提琴拉得怎么样? (3)询问天气或身体等情况。 What about the weather in your hometown? 你们家乡的天气如何? (4)寒暄时用作承接上下文的转折语。 I am from Beijing. What about you? 我是北京人,你呢?
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

考点2 Thank you for your help, Anna. 多谢你的帮助,安娜。
[点拨] thank you for…=thanks for…,表示“因…… 感谢”,介词for后接名词或v.-ing形式。
Thank you for helping me. =Thanks for helping me. 谢谢你的帮助。 [拓展] thanks to意为“由于,多亏”,其中to为介词, 并非不定式符号。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

┃智能双提升┃ 基础过关
Ⅰ.单词拼写
根据首字母及汉语提示,完成下列单词的拼写,使句意明 确,语言通顺。
1. You should say h_e_l_l_o____ ( 你好)to your friends when you meet them.
2.I can read the word, but I can't s__p_e_l_l___ (拼 写) it.
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

3.My uncle's daughter is my c__o_u_s_i_n__ (堂妹). 4.E_x_c_u_s_e___ (打扰) me, where is the library? 5.—Thank you for h_e_l_p_i_n_g__ (帮助) me. —You're w_e_l_c_o_m_e__ (受欢迎的).
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

3. Tony is only four years old, ____B____ he draws very well.
A. but B. so C. or D. and 4. —Lily, ____C____ is my classmate Tom. —Nice to meet you, Tom. A. this B. she C. he D. it
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

Ⅱ.单项填空 1. His name is Jim Smith. Smith is his _____A___ name. A. first B. last C. school D. English 2. This is George's ring. Please _____A___ him at 254-568. A. spell B. thank C. call D. meet
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

5. —Are those Dale's schoolbags? —Yes, ____A____. A. they are B. they aren't C. those are D. those aren't
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

中考透视 Ⅰ.单项填空 1 . [2014· 陕 西 ] —Oh, a nice photo! Is this your uncle's child? —Yes, it is my____A____. A.cousin B.sister C.brother D.daughter
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

考查名词辨析。cousin意为“堂兄(姐/弟/妹), 表兄(姐/ 弟/妹)”;sister意为“姐,妹”;brother意为“兄,弟”; daughter意为“女儿”。句意:“哦,一张漂亮的照片!这是 你叔叔的孩子吗?”“是的,这是我表弟。” 根据句意可知选 A。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

2 . [2014· 绥 化 ] The cakes taste _____A___ , and they sell________. I will buy some.
A.good; well B.well; well C.well; good
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

3.[2014·兰州改编] Mary, can you see the students over there? ____B____ are my classmates. Let's go and say hello to them.
A.This B.Those C.That D.These 考查指示代词的用法。句意:玛丽,你看到那边那些学生 了吗?那些是我的同学们。咱们过去向他们打个招呼吧。this 意为“这,这个”,指代较*的人或物;those意为“那些”, 指代较远的人或物;that意为“那,那个”,指代较远的人或 物 ; these 意 为 “ 这 些 ” , 指 代 较 * 的 人 或 物 ; 根 据 “ over there”和“the students”可判断选B。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

4.[2014·达州] —Excuse me, is this _____A___ new pencil sharpener?
—Yes, it's ________. He bought it just now. A.Tom's; his B.Tom; his C.Tom's; hers D.Tom's; yours 5 . [2014· 贺 州 ] This is _____A___ schoolbag. ________ is on the desk. A.your; Mine B.yours; Mine C.my; You D.your; My
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

6.[2014·成都] Gina, what's this ________ EngClish?

A.by B.for C.in

7.[2014·安顺改编] Look. The set of keys ________

left on my desk.

C

A.are B.were C.is D.was

第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

8.[2014·赤峰] This is _____A___ dictionary. Where is ________?
A . my; yours B . my; you C . mine; your D . me; you
考查代词的用法。句意:这是我的词典,你的呢?my, your均为形容词性物主代词,修饰名词;yours, mine均为名词 性物主代词,不与名词连用。“dictionary”为名词,前用形 容词性物主代词修饰,第二空应填名词性物主代词,因此答案 为A。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

10.[2013·广安改编] —What's this? —It's ____C____ apple. ________ apple is red. A.an; An B.a; The C.an; The D.the; The
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

Ⅱ.单词拼写
根据首字母及汉语提示,完成下列单词的拼写,使句意明 确,语言通顺。
1. [2014· 赤 峰 改 编 ] You can go across the street when the traffic lights turn g__r_e_e_n___ (绿色的).
2. [2014· 杭 州 改 编 ] Your mother's or father's brother is your u__n_c_l_e___(叔叔).
3. [2014· 铜 仁 改 编 ] How many people are there in your f_a_m_i_l_y___ (家庭)?
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

9 . [2014· 白 银 ] Mr. Black is a teacherB of ________. She and her classmates like him very much.
A.my sister B.my sister's C.my sisters D.my sisters'
考查名词所有格。名词单数变所有格,在名词后加 “'s”。 句意:布莱克先生是我姐姐的一位老师。我姐姐和她 的同班同学都非常喜欢他。故选B。
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

4. [2014· 来 宾 改 编 ] I want to take a camera to take some ph_o_t_o_s_/_p_i_c_t_u_r_e_s______( 照 片 ) when I go to Beihai.
5. [2014· 滨 州 改 编 ] The toy isn't Kate's. H___e_r_s___(她的) is on the bed.
第1课时 七年级上册 [Starter Unit 1—Unit 4]

I was not yet 30 years old and was working as a firefighter(消防队员) in the South Bronx's Engine Co. 82, probably the world's most active firehouse at the time. It was warm and sunny, the kind of leisurely1 Sunday that brought extra activity to the neighborhood and to its firefighters. We must have had 15 or 20 calls that day, the worst being a garbage fire in the rear of an abandoned building, which required a hard pull of 600 feet of cotton-jacketed hose. Between alarms I would rush to the company office to read Captain Gray's copy of the Sunday New York Times. It was late in the afternoon when I finally got to the Book Review section(纽约时报的书评版). As I read it, my blood began to boil. An article blatantly2 stated what I took to be a calumny3 -- that William Butler Yeats(叶芝,威廉·巴特勒1865-1939爱尔 兰作家 ,被认 为是20世纪最 伟大的 诗人之 一), the Nobel Prize-winning light of the Irish Literary Renaissance4, had transcended5 his Irishness and was forever to be known as a universal poet.
There were few things I was more proud of than my Irish heritage, and ever since I first picked up a book of his poems from a barracks shelf when I was in the military, Yeats had been my favorite Irish writer, followed by Sean O'Casey and James Joyce. My ancestors were Irish farmers, fishermen and blue-collar workers, but as far as I can tell, they all had a feeling for literature. It was passed on to my own mother, a telephone operator(话务员), who hardly ever sat down without a book in her hands. And at that moment my own fingernails might have been soiled with the soot6 of the day's fires, but I felt as prepared as any Trinity don to stand up in the court of public opinion and protest. Not only that Yeats had lived his life and written his poetry through the very essence of his Irish sensibility, but that it was offensive to think Irishness -- no matter if it was psychological, social or literary -- was something to be transcended.
My stomach was churning, and I determined7 not to let an idle minute pass. "Hey, Captain Gray. Could I use your typewriter?" I asked. The typewriter was so old that I had to use just one finger to type, my strongest one, even though I could type with all ten. I grabbed the first piece of clean paper I could find -- one that had the logo of the Fire Department of the City of New York across the top -- and, hoping there would be a break in the alarms for 20 minutes or so, wrote out a four-paragraph letter of indignation to the editor of the Sunday Book Review(「纽约时报」书 评).
Throughout his poetry, I postulated8, Yeats yearned9 for a messiah to lead Ireland out from under the bondage10 of English rule, and his view of the world and the people in it was fundamentally Irish. Just as I addressed the envelope, the final alarm of my tour came in, and as I slid down the long brass11 pole, I felt unexpectedly calm, as if a great rock had been purged12 from the bottom of my stomach. I don't know why I felt it my obligation to safeguard the reputation of the world's greatest poet, at least next to Homer and Shakespeare, or to inscribe13 an apologia for Irish writing. I just knew that I had to write that letter, in the same way a priest has to pray, or a musician has to play an instrument. Until that point in my life I had not written much of value -- a few poems and short stories, the beginning of a coming -of-age novel. I knew that my writing was anything but refined. Like a beginning artist who loves to draw, I understood that the more one draws, or writes, or does anything, the better the end result will be, and so I wrote often to better control my writing skills, to master them. I sent some material to various magazines and reviews but found no one willing to publish me. It was a special and unexpected delight, then, when I learned something I'd written would finally see print. Ironically it wasn't one of my poems or short stories -- it was my letter to the Times. I suppose the editor decided14 to publish it because he was first attracted by the official nature of my stationery15 (was his staff taking smoke breaks out on the fire escape?), and then by the incongruity16 of a ghetto17 firefighter's using words like messianism, for in the lines below my letter it was announced that I was a New York City firefighter. I'd like to think, though, that the editor silently agreed with my thesis. I remember receiving through the fire department's address about 20 sympathetic and congratulatory letters from professors around the country. These letters made me feel like I was not only a published writer but an opinion maker18. It was as if I was suddenly thrust into being someone whose views mattered. I also received a letter from True magazine and one from The New Yorker, asking for an interview. It was the latter that proved momentous19, for when an article titled "Fireman Smith" appeared in that magazine, I received a telephone call from the editor of a large publishing firm who asked if I might be interested in writing a book about my life. I had little confidence in my ability to write a whole book, though I did intuit that my work as a firefighter was a worthy20 subject. And so I wrote Report From Engine Co. 82 in six months, and it went on to sell two million copies and to be translated into 12 languages. In the years that followed, I wrote three more best-sellers, and last year published a memoir21, A Song for Mary: An Irish-American Memory. Being a writer had been far from my expectations; being a best-selling author was almost unfathomable. How had it happened? I often found myself thinking about it, marveling at it, and my thoughts always came back to that letter to the New York Times. For me, the clearest explanation is that I had found the subject I was searching for, one I felt so strongly about that the writing was a natural consequence of the passion I felt. I was to feel this same kind of passion when I began writing about firefighters and, later, when writing about my mother. These are subjects that, to me, represent the great values of human life -- decency22, honesty and fairness -- subjects that burn within me as I write. Over the years, all five of my children have come to me periodically with one dilemma23 or another. Should I study English or art? Should I go out for soccer or basketball? Should I take a job with this company or that one? My answer is always the same, yet they still ask, for reassurance24 is a good and helpful thing. Think about what you're feeling deep down in the pit of your stomach, I tell them, and measure the heat of the fire there, for that is the passion that will flow through your heart. Your education and your experience will guide you toward making a right decision, but your passion will enable you to make a difference in whatever you do.
That's what I learned the day I stood up for Ireland's greatest poet. God Had to Be Fair
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2017-05-16 09:19 字体: [大 中 小] 进入论坛 (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
We always knew our daughter Kendall was going be a performer of some sort. She entertained people in our small town by putting on shows on our front porch when she was only three or four. Blonde-haired, blue-eyed, and beautiful, she sang like a little angel and mesmerized1 everyone.
When Kendall was five, we began to notice that she was blinking a lot and clearing her throat frequently. We had her tested for allergies2, but the doctor said she wasn't allergic3 to anything at all. After the problem worsened, we took her to our local children's hospital where she was diagnosed with Tourette's Syndrome4.
It was pretty devastating5 because other children constantly made fun of her, and sadly, even a teacher teased her. When the tics were especially bad, Kendall had to wear a neck brace6. She only had one or two friends, but that was okay because they were -- and continue to be -- real, the kind who stick by her, no matter what. Through all this, Kendall continued to sing and entertain. Remarkably7, her tics disappeared when she sang.
We took our daughter from doctor to doctor, but all they did was give her medication that just made it worse, so we decided8 to go the natural route. Through chiropractic therapy, changes in her diet, and other natural treatments, the tics gradually lessened9.
In 2005 when Kendall was sixteen, we thought she was pretty much out of the woods -- or at least heading in that direction. However, as if Tourette's Syndrome wasn't enough for a beautiful young girl to deal with, a freak accident happened.
At a birthday party, Kendall hopped10 on a friend for a piggyback ride. He bent11 lower than she expected, and she jumped hig her than he expected. Kendall flew over his back and landed on the cement floor -- on her neck. An ambulance rushed her to the hospital where she spent the next week, paralyzed from the neck down. Ironically, her biggest concern wasn't whether she would walk again, but whether she would be able to audition12 for American Idol13.
Doctors said Kendall had central cord syndrome. The pain was excruciating and required morphine to control it. Sometimes it was so unbearable14 she had to bite down on a toothbrush to take her mind off it. As the days dragged on, feeling returned to her left side, but she was still paralyzed on the right. We didn't know for sure how much of her movement would ever come back.
I believe Kendall wanted the American Idol audition so much that she willed herself to move again. One of her friends brought a microphone to the hospital and put it on her bed. Every day, Kendall tried hard to pick it up with her right hand. It was more important for her to pick up that mic than a spoon or fork.
Sometimes we all cried because of the pain we witnessed. But on the day Kendall walked into the stadium to audition for American Idol -- a mere15 three months after her accident -- we cried tears of joy. And our tears turned into shouts when she was given a golden ticket to Hollywood.
As a parent, you always think your child is the best ever -- that's just what parents do. But after seeing Kendall perform, I know she's one of the best, even though she didn't make it into the Top 24.
Kendall is eighteen now, living every day to its fullest. She's recorded a CD with some of John Mellencamp's band members. She's also on CMT's Music City Madness for an original song and video, and is having some good success. I'm absolutely sure she's g oing to make it big some day. Kendall just puts it all in God's hands.
When she was a little girl trying hard to be strong, she looked up at me, her big eyes brimming with tears, and asked me why she had to have Tourette's Syndrome. My heart ached to make the world right for my child. But I looked right back at her and told her the truth as I see it.
"Kendall, God gave you a pure heart, an angelic voice, a strong mind, and a beautiful presence. With all of that, he had to make it fair for everyone else."


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